Feb
4
2012

Brotherhood in faith

In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Brotherhood in faith:

1- Ancestry is useless without faith:

Umar Ibn Al Kahttab, may Allah be pleased with him, said to our Master Sa’d Bin Abi Waqqas, who is an honorable companion and was the only companion who was addressed by the Prophet PBUH In Uhod’s Battle by:

Throw (the arrows) Sa’d! Let my parents sacrifice their lives for you.

[Al Termizi, and Ibn Majah narrated by Saed]

And who was the only companion whom the Prophet said to, joking with him:

Here is my uncle, Sa`d. if anyone has an uncle like him, then he should show me his uncle

[Tirmizi, narrated by Jaber]

So Umar said to this very companion:

Sa’d, don’t be dazzled by being the uncle of the Prophet PBUH, as people are equal in the sight of Allah, and no ancestry is to be taken into account save their obedience to Him

Hence, Share’a (Islamic Law) is all about justice, interests, and mercy, and every case that is cast out of justice to oppression, out of mercy to harshness, and out of interests to the otherwise, is not considered part of share’a, not even if it was justified by thousands of interpretations.

2- Mankind is molded of one soul and nature:

Dear brothers, people of all races, backgrounds, environments, levels, and conditions are created of a single soul, Allah the Almighty said in Noble Quran:

(It is He Who has created you from a single person (Adam), and (then) He has created from him his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], in order that he might enjoy the pleasure of living with her. When he had sexual relation with her, she became pregnant and she carried it about lightly. Then when it became heavy, they both invoked Allah, their Lord (saying): “If You give us a Salih (good in every aspect) child, we shall indeed be among the grateful.)

[Surat Al A'raf, 7:189]

And they have the same Fitrah (innate disposition), Allah the Almighty said in Noble Quran:

(So set you (O Muhammad) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allah’s Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq-illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not)

[Surat Al Rum, verse 30]

And they are molded of one nature.
It was narrated in the Qudsi (divine) Hadith:

O, Dawood, remind my servants of my blessings, as souls are molded to like the benefactor and hate the hurtful

[Divine hadith, narrated by Baihakee, by Omair bin Wahab]

3- Share’e (Islamic law) meant to preserve brotherhood:

It is a mandatory of the common characters, in which mankind meet, that they share brotherhood in humanity, however, when their behavior is controlled by their flaming desires which might lead them to take other’s money and honor, and on top of which, the devil sows dissension, hatred, and antipathy between them, only then, brotherhood and collaboration come to an end, and are replaced by oppression, hostility, and hatred.
The Divine legislation, either in Quran or Sunnah, came to encourage preserving this brotherhood in humanity, and to thrive it basing on the oneness of the soul’s structure of mankind, and from the complementary in basic and secondary needs that all mankind share with each other. Allah the Almighty said in Noble Quran:
It is a mandatory of the common characters, in which mankind meet, that they share brotherhood in humanity, however, when their behavior is controlled by their flaming desires which might lead them to take other’s money and honor, and on top of which, the devil sows dissension, hatred, and antipathy between them, only then, brotherhood and collaboration come to an end, and are replaced by oppression, hostility, and hatred.
The Divine legislation, either in Quran or Sunnah, came to encourage preserving this brotherhood in humanity, and to thrive it basing on the oneness of the soul’s structure of mankind, and from the complementary in basic and secondary needs that all mankind share with each other. Allah the Almighty said in Noble Quran:

(O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqun (pious - see V.2:2)]. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.)

[Surat Al Hujurat, 49:13]

Whereas, brotherhood in faith is a fundamental, a necessity, and the most obvious appearance to the Divine legislation, and the Noble Quran established this great foundation of the relation between believers, as Allah the Almighty said:

(The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy)

[Surat Al Hujurat, 49:10]

The interpreters of the Noble Quran tackled this Ayah from its linguistic point of view, and they came out with the following results: Unless one feels his belonging to the group of believers and the sincere brotherhood between them, then he/she is not considered as a real believer (according to some) or his/her faith is not complete (according to others). According to this Ayah, believers are brothers (are like blood brothers)and not companions (not only brothers in faith), which means that the relation between them levels up to the highest and strongest kinds of relations, which is the biological brotherhood (blood relation), yet, sometimes it excels that relation, because the Prophet PBUH said:

A brother in faith might be better than the biological brother

Whereas, hatred, hostility, envy, and competition, are unpleasant relations among believers that need to be repaired, hence, Allah the Almighty said:

(The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy)

[Surat Al Hujurat, 49:10]

4- Brotherhood in humanity is one of the faith’s fundamentals:

The Prophet PBUH considered brotherhood in humanity as one of the fundamentals of faith, as He said:

No one of you becomes a true believer until he likes for his brother what he likes for himself

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

And he also hates for his brother what he hates for himself, and some interpreters of Hadith considered the word “his brother” in this Hadith as not an exclusive word, yet it is a general word, which means that the Prophet PBUH meant that this brotherhood is in humanity. What affirms that is His other saying:

All people are servants of Allah, and the closest to Him is the best among them to mankind

[Tabari, and Abu Naeem, and Baihaki, narrated by Anas]

5- Share’e forbade anything might lead to weaken brotherhood:

The Divine texts forbade anything that might weaken this brotherhood between believers, so Allah forbade mocking one another, badmouthing, thinking ill of each other, spying, and backbiting, Allah said:

(O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one’s brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as: "O sinner", or "O wicked", etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc., O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting) . And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful.)

[Surat Al Hujurat, 49:11-12]

Also, the Prophetic texts forbade anything that might lead to hostility and hatred which weaken brotherhood between believers or might even ruin it, as the Prophet PBUH said:

A Muslim is a brother to a Muslim. He should neither deceive him nor lie to him, nor leave him without assistance. Everything belonging to a Muslim is inviolable for a Muslim; his honor, his blood and property. Piety is here (and he pointed out to his chest thrice). It is enough for a Muslim to commit evil by despising his Muslim brother

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim, according to Tirmizi]

The Prophet PBUH also forbade us from approaching the introductions that lead to hatred and hostility, as He said:

Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the worst of false tales. Do not look for other’s faults. Do not spy one another, and do not practice Najsh (means to offer a high price for something in order to allure another customer who is interested in the thing). Do not be jealous of one another and do not nurse enmity against one another. Do not sever ties with one another. Become the slaves of Allah, and be brothers to one another as He commanded

[Bukhari and Muslim and others]

6- Satan (The devil) tries hard to sow dissension between believers:

When the devil gave up on being worshiped on earth, he tries his best to sow dissension between believers and to embed the feelings of hatred and hostility among them, The Prophet PBUH said:

The devil gave up on being worshipped in Arab’s peninsula, but never gave up on sowing dissension between them

[Muslim]

It is stunning to us that the Prophet PBUH showed us how dangerous the enmity between believers is, as it ruins their religion, and cut them loose from being connected to Allah. The Prophet PBUH said:

Beware of the worst of enmity, as it is ruinous

[Trimizi]

Ways to establish brotherhood in faith:

The Divine legislation didn’t settle only for forbidding what may weaken brotherhood in faith or may ruin it, yet, it enjoined everything that would deep-root, strengthen, thrive, and develop brotherhood in faith.

1- Spreading “Salam” (greeting):

The Wise law-Giver (Allah the Almighty) enjoined spreading greetings (Salam), as Allah the Almighty said in Noble Quran:

(When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, Allah is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things)

[Surat Al Nisa, 4:86]

It was narrated by Abdullah Bin Umar, may Allah be pleased with both of them:

A man asked the prophet PBUH: what is the best of acts in Islam? To which the Prophet PBUH replied: “When you feed the needy and greet whomsoever you know or know not”

[Tirmidhi]

The helpless among people is he who can’t supplicate, and the stingiest among them is he who is stingy in spreading Salam (greetings). The Prophet PBUH said:

O people, exchange greetings of peace (i.e., say: As-Salamu `Alaikum to one another), feed people, strengthen the ties of kinship, and be in prayer when others are asleep, you will enter Jannah (Paradise) in peace

[Ibn Majah, and Ahmad]

One of the appearances of spreading Salam is to spread peace and to diminish dispute, The Prophet PBUH said:

By spreading greetings of peace amongst yourselves, Allah will keep you safe

[Ahmad, by Al Bar’a]

2- Visiting the patient and checking on his/her needs:

One of the things that the Wise Law-Giver (Allah the Almighty) enjoined, in order to deepen and to strengthen brotherhood in faith, is to visit the patient, as the Prophet PBUH said:

Visit the sick, feed the hungry, and (arrange for the) release of the captive

[Al-Bukhari]

Needless to say, that visiting the patient includes, checking on him/her, taking care of him/her, and being nice to him/her, and it is enough said that the Prophet PBUH mentioned in the divine Hadith that on the Day of Resurrection, Allah the Almighty will say:

O son of Adam, I was ill but you did not visit Me.’ He would say: `O My Lord, how could I visit you and You are the Lord of the worlds?’ Thereupon He would say: `Did you not know that such and such a slave of Mine was ill but you did not visit him? Did you not realize that if you had visited him (you would have known that I was aware of your visit to him, for which I would reward you) you would have found Me with him?

[Muslim]

Describing Himself (Allah) as a patient is an act of honoring the patient of mankind, and soothing his/her heart, while the word “would have found Me” indicates that when a human is afflicted with his health, he/she will be granted closeness to Allah and serenity.

3- Accepting the invitation:

One of the things that the Wise Law-Giver enjoined, in order to deepen and to strengthen brotherhood in faith, is to accept invitations, the Prophet PBUH said:

He who is invited and rejects the invitation is a disobedient to Allah and His Messenger

[Abu Dawood]

The Prophet PBUH said:

If I am invited to a meal consisting of a sheep’s foot or shoulder, I would respond and I would accept as a gift a shoulder or a foot of a sheep.

[Al-Bukhari]

4- Offering advice:

One of the things that the Wise Law-Giver enjoined, in order to deepen and to strengthen brotherhood in faith, is offering advice, the Prophet PBUH said:

Ad-Deen (religion) is sincerity”. We said: “For whom?” He replied, “For Allah, His Book, His Messenger and for the leaders of the Muslims and their masses

[Muslim]

5- Being beneficent to others:

We were enjoined by the Prophet PBUH, in order to deep-root brotherhood, to have mercy on the young, respect the old, help the weak, support the oppressed, control the temper, forgive others, and be beneficent to them.

6- The Prophet PBUH was a role model:

The Prophet, in nut shell, not only forbade what might weaken brotherhood in faith or even might ruin it, but He enjoined everything that might strengthen it, not to mention that the Prophet PBUH was a role model to his companions while he was alive, and to his nation after His death.

1- First incident:

During the battle of Badr, camels were few so the Prophet PBUH said: “Every camel will be shared by three men, as for me the other two are Ali Ibn Abi Talib and Abu Lubabah”, When it was the Prophet’s turn to walk, the other two would say to him, ‘Mount the camel. We will walk in your place.’ The Prophet would reply, ‘Neither of you is stronger than I am, nor am I less eager for rewards than you

[Ahmad]

2- Second incident:

it was decided that the companions would slaughter a lamb for dinner. One of them volunteered to slaughter it Another one said: “I will skin it.” and The Prophet PBUH said: “I will gather the wood from the desert.” So the group said: “O Messenger of Allah, it is not becoming of you to discomfort yourself as such. You rest. We will be honored to do all this on our own.”
The Prophet PBUH answered: “I know that you are eager to do it all, but Allah isn’t pleased with the slave who distinguishes himself from his companions, and considers himself better than others.”

[Mentioned in relic]

Logical explanation of real brotherhood between believers:

If we search for a logical explanation of real brotherhood among believers, we will find that each one of us has his own characters, qualities, visions, values, principles, goals, behaviors, morals, traditions, customs, emotions, feelings, tendencies, desires, trends, and orientations, and by knowing that faith reflects on human being in his/her characters, qualities, visions, values…etc, therefore, the more every two believers have in common, the more they get along with each other and love each other, because each one of them sees him/herself and his/her characters in his brother in faith.
It was said that in the life of each one of us there are:
- A personality that we shape, which is our personality.
- A personality that we hate to be, which is the one that is opposite to our personality.
- A personality that we like, which is the one that is coherent with our personality.
- A personality we wish to be, which is the ideal personality that we look up to.
Hence, Quran indicates this fact, as it clarifies that spending all money in this world won’t unite the hearts, whereas, the unity of principles, values, and feelings that spring off a divine source is what brings together the hearts and souls, Allah the Almighty said:

(And He has united their (i.e. believers’) hearts. If you had spent all that is in the earth, you could not have united their hearts, but Allah has united them. Certainly He is All-Mighty, All-Wise)

[Surat Al Anfal, 8:63]

And it was narrated in the noble Hadith:

Believers advice and care for each other even if their houses were apart, whereas hypocrites deceive and envy each other even if their houses were close

[Kanz Al Ummal 1/757]

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds

Translation : Noora Al Sharabi
Auditing : Rana Saraqbi

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