Feb
4
2012

The prophet’s linage, physical attributes and morals

In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

The lineage of the Prophet PBUH:

The lineage of the Prophet PBUH goes back to the noblest tribes of Arab, and his father’s linage meets that of his mother.
Allah the Almighty says:

(Allah knows best with whom to place His Message.)

[Al-An'am, 6:124]

The Prophet PBUH said:

Indeed Allah chose Kinanah over other tribes from the children of Isma’il; He chose the Quraish over other tribes of Kinanah; He chose Banu Hashim over the other families of the Quraish; and He chose me from Banu Hashim

[Al-Bukhari]

Is Prophecy acquired or is it granted or is it both?

Dear brothers, Prophecy is granted from Allah the Almighty, however, part of it is acquired. I mean:
Allah the Almighty says:

(Allah chose Adam, Nuh (Noah), the family of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the family of ‘Imran above the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of their times).)

[Al-Imran, 3:33]

When Man makes every effort in seeking the pleasure of Allah the Almighty, Allah will facilitate for him performing a deed which is in harmony with his ambition, out of His Perfection and Generosity. So the lesson is to be aspired to perform a great deed, because all deeds are in Allah’s Hand, as the saying goes: “When Your Lord wants to show His Bounty on you, He creates kind act then ascribes it to you”. So, Allah grants you success, protects you, inspires you, and paves the way for you to perform good deeds under one condition, which is to seek the goodness.

O, Son of Adam, ask for Me and you will find Me, if you find Me, it is as if you have found everything, and if you miss Me, you have missed everything, and I should be more beloved to you from everything.

[Mentioned in tradition]

Thus, when you seek the Pleasure of Allah, and when you try to get closer to Him, He will pave the way for you to carry out a righteous act which will exalt your rank in the Sight of Allah, and will make you pleased forever and ever.

O, Son of Adam, be to Me as I want, and I will Be to you as you want, be to Me as I want, and do not inform Me what pleases you, there is the thing that you want, and there is the thing that I want. If you entrust your affair to Me in what I want then I will provide you with what you want. If you do not do this then I will tire you out in your struggle but you will not get more than what I determined for you

[Mentioned in tradition]

To illustrate this idea, consider the example of the government of a state which wants to appoint someone as an ambassador to a very important country. Of course, they will choose the one who holds the highest academic degrees, and in some countries, he should have literary, scientific, and legal certificates, which he has acquired out of his own efforts, then after they choose him, he will be a plenipotentiary diplomat with a diplomatic bag, and he will be given a book to present it to the foreign state where he is going to work. Thus, this job has an acquisition phase and a granted phase.
Allah the Almighty says:

(Allah knows best with whom to place His Message.)

[Al-An'am, 6:124]

Also, Allah the Almighty says:

(Allah chose Adam, Nuh (Noah), the family of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the family of ‘Imran above the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of their times).)

[Al-Imran, 3:33]

The physical characteristics of the Prophet PBUH

The Prophet PBUH was of a medium height, he was not skinny nor plump, he had broad chest, large hands and feet, extended hands, little flesh in his heels, he had the seal of Prophecy at the top of his left shoulder, his face was the best among others, he had a white complexion, he had a round face, a wide mouth, wide-set eyes, and straight black hair with few gray hairs. In addition to his handsomeness, and in addition to the soundness of his senses and organs, He PBUH used to take care of appearance in terms of good-looking.
Dear brothers, the believer should not neglect his appearance, nor his clothes. As it was transmitted is a tradition:

Arrange your baggage neatly and wear your clothes elegantly, in order to be distinguished among people.

[Mentioned in tradition]

The first impression of a man is got from his clothes, his appearance, his cleanliness, and his fragrant smell. Thus, in order to be an ambassador (figuratively) for this Divine religion, you should take care of your appearance, because being concerned about cleanliness and appearance is a part of our religion.
In contrast, when you look down upon someone because you dislike his body shape, then this is a kind of objection against Allah the Almighty (against His Act of creation). Once, the mother of believers Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said about her sister Safiah that she was short, the Prophet PBUH said to her:

You have uttered a word that if it was mixed with the water of the sea, it would spoil it

[Al-Tirmidhi]

Thus, it is a big mistake to despise a man out of his body shape, his complexion color, or his hight because he has not acquired these characteristics, but they are created by Allah the Almighty, so as if you are objecting against Allah’s Act of creation, this is a kind of rudeness and roughness that should not be committed by a believer.

The morals of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH:

As for the refined morals of the Prophet PBUH, they were indescribable, Allah the Almighty described him in the noble Ayah bellow:

(And verily, you (O Muhammad) are on an exalted standard of character)

[Al-Qalam, 68:4]

Dear brothers, morals are acquired by human beings.
Allah the Almighty granted the Prophet PBUH qualities in order to help him achieve his task and his call to Islam, like his unique memory:
Allah the Almighty says:

(We shall make you to recite (the Quran), so you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) shall not forget (it),)

[Al-A'la, 87:6]

In addition, Allah granted him a noble lineage, however, when Allah the Almighty praised him, He praised him for his morals. It is just like if you grant your son a house, will you throw a party in his honor for this house? Of course not, but you will throw that party if he gets a high academic degree, for example. So, a person is praised only for the things he has acquired. Actually, the Prophet PBUH was granted perfection in his actions, in his sayings and in his body shape, he was granted eloquence and purity of language, he was the best of the sons of Adam, he was granted the Noble Qur’an and the Revelation, and he was supported by Allah’s Help, nevertheless, in spite of all these characteristics, Allah the Almighty said to him:

(And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you;)

[Al-Imran, 3:159]

We deduce from these descriptions that people are not affected by the believer’s sayings but by the way he treats them, because actions speak louder than words. Actually, parents and teachers should pay attention to this aspect; actions speak louder than words, and the effect of the actions of one teacher among too many students is stronger than the words of too many teachers given to one student. Therefore, the power of influence does not come from eloquence, rather, it comes from the honesty of the speaker and how much he is committed to what he says.
One of the most accurate views I have read is that when someone calls people to Allah the Almighty in an incoherent content, or in a non-logical or non-educational way, or he calls to Allah while he is not as honest as the caller to Allah should be, then the people who receive his call are not considered (in the Sights of Allah) informed about Islam, and he is held responsible for their heedlessness.

1. His morals were the noble Quran:

Dear brothers, when the mother of believers Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, was asked about the morals of the Prophet PBUH, she used to confirm that:

His morals were the Noble Qur’an

[Sahih Muslim]

Moreover, some scholars said: The Noble Quran is as a speaking universe (as regards the scientific inimitability of the Noble Qur’an), the universe is as a silent Qur’an, (that is to say it shows the Greatness of Allah) and the Prophet PBUH is a moving Qur’an (which means the Prophet PBUH abides by the Qur’an in his life).

2. Modesty with dignity:

Dear brother, consider the following rule: the virtue is between two vices; for example: reckless is a vice, cowardliness is a vice, while courage, which is a virtue, is between recklessness and cowardice, also stinginess is a vice, and squandering is a vice, while generosity is between the two. Thus, virtue is between two vices.
Dear brothers, it is too easy to go to the extreme, i.e. it is very easy to be extremely cruel while rising your children, and to beat them severely, also, it is too easy to spoil your children, however, the real success is to be dearly beloved to them, while they stand in owe of you at the same time. This is the moderate approach of Islam.
Through the biography of the Prophet PBUH, we find that he was modest while he maintained his dignity, and like this the believer should be, he should not be modest with disgrace, yet modesty is to walk holding the head up high, Allah the Almighty says:

(And those who, when an oppressive wrong is done to them, they take revenge.)

[As-Shuraa, 42:39]

A believer should not exaggerate in being modest till he cringes, because as the saying goes:” When you treat the haughty in an arrogant manner, it is like a charity (you deserve reward)”. Likewise, when the Prophet PBUH saw one of his companions strutting around in front of their enemy shortly before the battle, the Prophet PBUH said:

Allah hates this gait except in such cases

[Mentioned in tradition]

Which means to show their enemy that they are strong not weak, that is to accompany modesty with dignity.

3. Shyness accompanied with courage:

The Prophet PBUH accompanied shyness with courage. Actually, there is audacity which is rudeness, and there is timidity which is a psychological illness, and between them are courage and shyness. In addition to that, pious shyness (from committing sins) is a part of faith, even shyness and faith are inseparable; if you lose one of them you lose the other. The prophet PBUH was more shy than a virgin in her private room.
Once, the Prophet PBUH hired a worker, but when he saw him washing himself naked in front of people, he said to him:

Take your fee, we do not need you, you feel no shame from Allah the Almighty.

[Mentioned in tradition]

Hence, shyness is a sign of faith.
The Prophet PBUH said:

Iman (Faith) has over seventy, branches; the most excellent of these is bearing witness that there is no god but Allah, and the least of them is the removal from the way of that which is harmful and modesty is a branch of faith

[Sahih Muslim]

But there is a big difference between modesty and timidity, the latter is to feel embarrassed to demand your right, to advise anyone, or to say “no” (to things that are prohibited), while the real believer openly refuses to do anything that does not please Allah. Actually, this rejection isn’t about saying the word “Yes” all the way long, but sometimes the word “No” is your lable as a believer.

4. Was admired and loved by whoever saw or dealt with Him:

One of the Prophet’s subtle characteristics is that whoever saw him for the first time dignified him, and whoever dealt with him liked him. Once, a man entered the place where the Prophet PBUH was sitting, when he saw the Prophet, he trembled, the Prophet PBUH said to him:

Take it easy, I’m not a king, but I’m the son of a woman who used to eat dried meat

[Ibn Majah]

Likewise, the believer has dignity, but when you treat him you like him.

5. He was sincerely generous:

The Prophet PBUH was sincerely generous, he was far away from showing off. Sometimes man’s intention turns from generosity to showing off. I heard about a great benevolent who donated an astronomical sum of money to the poor, then one of the visitors heard about him and wanted to see him, they were both invited to a banquet to meet each other, so when that guest came, he did not recognized the benevolent who was sitting beside him due to his modesty. In contrast, someone may pay a limited amount of money then propagates about it to everyone.
Dear brothers, the first sign of your sincerity is that your work is not increased when you are praised, and is not decreased when you are dispraised. As it was said: “O, Allah You are my destination, and Your Pleasure is my purpose”. So, when man lacks sincerity, he will ask others’ praise, and he will desperately hope for it, for example, he will ask people around him for their opinion about the food in order that they praise him for his feast, about the house, the furniture, the lecture… Thus, he asks you for your opinion in order that you praise him, and this fault situation is called ‘begging for praise’. So, the real sincerity is to pay no attention to those who praise or dispraise you, because you perform your deeds for the Sake of Allah. Hence, this is one sign of sincerity.
The second sign is: the sincere believer never increases his work in front of people, nor decreases it when he is alone; he is in public as in privacy, his outside is like his inside, and he is honest in the full sense of the word.

6. He was trustworthy:

Dear brothers, although the people of Quraish were attacking the Prophet, rejecting his call, his religion, and his message, they deposed their money with him, so when he wanted to migrate, he left his cousin in his place in order to return the money back to the owners who were non-Muslims. So, some people who have a weak faith think that when they travel to the west they have the right to use their credit card that worth thousands of dollars to buy things without paying back, this is misunderstanding, were not those who deposited money with the Prophet PBUH non-Muslims? He did not say that they are non-Muslims, rather, he asked his cousin to stay there, under the threat of death, in order to return the deposit amounts money to their owners. So, unless you are honest to all people, Allah the Almighty will never accept you.
Allah The Almighty says:

(And let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice.)

[Al-Maidah, 5:8]

Even those you hate, Allah the Almighty says:

(Be just; that is nearer to piety.)

[Al-Maidah, 5:8]

Unless you are good with all people, even those who are unmindful of the teachings of Islam, or the Heedless people, then your deen (Islamic religion) will not appear as the religion of Allah the Almighty.

7. Honest in word and action:

The Prophet PBUH said:

The truthfulness leads to righteousness

[AL-Bukhari and Muslim]

8. He was sincere:

The Prophet PBUH was at the highest degree of sincerity. Dear brothers, sincerity with a little work is beneficial, while lacking sincerity isn’t beneficial either with little work or with many righteous deeds.

O, my Lord, I acquired knowledge for Your sake. It will be said to him: You have told a lie, for you got knowledge to be renowned as a scholar, and it was said, then orders will be passed against him. So he will be dragged along on his face and thrown into Hell. O, my lord, I fought then martyred for your sake Lord, It will be said to him: You have told a lie, for you fought to be renowned as a courageous, and it was said, then orders will be passed against him. So he will be dragged along on his face and thrown into Hell

[Ahmad]

Therefore, we should pay attention to our intentions because the Prophet PBUH said:

Deeds are rewarded according to their intentions

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

9. He was eloquent speaker:

Dear brothers, in addition to all previous qualities, the Prophet PBUH was eloquent
The Prophet PBUH said:

I am the most eloquent speaker in Arab, furthermore I am from Quraish

[Mentioned in tradition]

It may be said that the beauty of man is his eloquence, and eloquence is like a glass of water; the meaning is the content of this glass, and eloquence is the shape of it, you do not accept to drink an expensive beverage in an inappropriate glass, and you do not accept to drink a cheap beverage in an expensive glass, thus there should be harmony between the content and the form, like this is the believer, he has acceptable appearance, and he is eloquent.

10. He was brave:

The Prophet PBUH was courageous, in the battle of Hunain which was a decisive battle, he PBUH took a handful of dust and threw it into the eyes of his enemies and said:

I am the Prophet, and I do not tell a lie, I’m the son of Abdul Muttalib

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Our master Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “When we used to be in the heat of battle, we used to hide behind the back of Muhammad PBUH, we shielded ourselves behind the Messenger of Allah the Almighty because there was no one who was closer to the enemy than he was”
Dear brothers, the Prophet PBUH had a great mind, he PBUH was mercy to the old and the young, and he was lenient and has a soft emotion.

11. He liked forgiveness, and remitted the wrongdoer:

Consider the following story, Haatib bin Balta’ah, one of the companions of the Prophet PBUH, committed high treason, he wrote a letter to Quraish to inform them that ‘ Muhammad is making preparation to attack you so take your precautions’. Actually, the punishment for high treason is the capital penalty in the whole world systems, Omar, may Allah be pleased with him, said to the Prophet PBUH:

O Messenger of Allah, let me cut off this hypocrite’s head” The Prophet PBUH said:” No, Omar, he had witnessed the battle of Badr, come to me Hateb, why did you do that?” He said: “By Allah, O Messenger of Allah, I have not done this because I have become a disbeliever or an apostate, but the truth is that my near and dear ones are still in Makkah. I do not belong to the tribe of the Quraish, but had settled there under the guardianship of some of them, so I have no tribe, which could give protection to my family. Therefore, I sent this letter in order to keep the Quraish under obligation so that they did not harm my children, and I am sure that Allah will grant you victory, so forgive me”. The Prophet PBUH said: ‘I have believed him so believe him, and do not say anything about him but what is good

Hence, he PBUH liked forgiveness and he pardoned the wrongdoer.
Also, Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl came to the Prophet PBUH to embrace Islam, he was the son of Abi Jahl, the bitterest enemy to the Messenger of Allah PBUH who was against Islam in many ways for twenty years, nevertheless, the Prophet PBUH said to his companions:

Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl will come to you as a believer immigrant so do not curse his father (who had died), because this will cause harm to the alive not to the dead

[Mentioned in tradition]

The Prophet PBUH used to show so much patience in adversity times, and was brave in telling the truth.

12. The perfect manners of the Prophet PBUH:

The Prophet PBUH had subtle moralities, He used to say:

My Lord disciplined me and He perfected my conduct

[Ibn Al-Sam'ani]

And he PBUH said:

Islam is built on five pillars

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

It is clear from this Hadith that Islam is like a moral building which foundations are the five pillars of Islam. Actually this idea is affirmed by the words of the noble scholar Ibn Al-Qaim when he said:

The reality of faith is the high moral standard, thus he whose manners are better than you, he has deeper faith then you

13. He was modest:

The Prophet PBUH had perfect manners, he was extremely modest. In fact, the sign of your faith, and the sign of dignifying Allah is modesty, because the servant of Allah should be modest while Allah the Almighty is Great, and everything He does is Great. So, one who does not feel the Greatness of Allah, deserves an indescribable internal loss.

Once, the Prophet PBUH was with his companions in a travel, they wanted to slaughter a she-sheep for lunch, one of them offered to slaughter it, the other one offered to skin it and the third offered to cook it, so the prophet PBUH said: “And I will gather the firewood (which is the hardest task)” they said to him:
“O Messenger of Allah, we will do that for you” He said: “I know that, but I hate to be distinguished among you because Allah the Almighty hates the slave who distinguishes himself among the others”

[Mentioned in tradition]

The Prophet PBUH used to say:

He proves being free from haughtiness who carries his need by his hand, and he proves being free from hypocrisy who remembers Allah the Almighty a lot, and he proves being free form stinginess who pays Zakah (the obligatory alms)

[Mentioned in tradition]

So, if you carry your needs by your hands, whatsoever is your social position, this proves that you are not arrogant, because Islam teaches us not to ask others to do our needs for us, like the great companions who everyone of them used to get off his camel to pick up the reins, and never asked his companions to give it to him, so the every one of them never disdained to serve his need or to serve others’ needs because they used to serve each other.

On the day of Badr, every three of us shared one camel in turns. Abu Lubaba and Ali Ibn Abi Talib were the partners of the Messenger of Allah PBUH. So when it was the Prophet’s turn to walk, they said to him: “We shall walk instead of you.” But he said: “No! You are not stronger than I am in walking; and I am in need of reward no less than you are.

[Al-Nasai]

14. He used to start Salaam (greeting):

The Prophet PBUH said:

Spread Salaam (the greeting of peace) amongst yourselves

[Ahmad]

The greeting of peace is a distinct feature of believers; furthermore, greeting others is a stressed Sunnah, while the response to it is an obligation. Actually, when you say to those whom you meet: Peace be upon you, that means you build a peaceful relationship with them.

15. He used to turn his whole body to the one speaking to him.

When the Prophet PBUH spoke to someone, he used to turn his whole body towards him, and listen to the talk carefully, although the Prophet might know it better than him. Actually, there are people who learn the art of speech, but the Prophet PBUH taught us the art of listening, which is not mastered except by few people, while many people master the art of speech. So, he used to listen carefully to the one who is speaking to him, and he used to turn his whole body toward him, which is a kind of honoring to him, it is completely refined manners, while sometime a man may not listen to the one who is speaking to him despite his closeness.

16. When shaking hands, He never drew his hand first:

If any person used to come before him and shake his hand, the Prophet PBUH never used to draw away his hand from the other person’s hands till the latter drew away his hands. Likewise you should shake others hands warmly, affectionately, and with cheerfulness, and you should ask them about their condition, their children, their health, their livelihood, and for their work. This is absolute good manners and intimacy.

17. He used to listen carefully to his wife

The Prophet PBUH used to listen carefully to his wife. Actually, many years after marriage, sometimes the two spouses may gradually lose respect to each other, so the husband rarely listens to his wife, but the Prophet PBUH used to listen to his wife carefully too many times.

The mother of believers Aisha, may Allah be blessed with her, used to tell the Prophet many stories, once she told him a long story about Abi Zare, who loved his wife Om Zare, and was loyal to her, then she bitterly regretted because he (at the end) divorced her, so the Prophet PBUH said to her: I am to you as Abi Zare to his wife (in terms of love and loyalty) but I will never divorce you. He said peace be upon him: I am dearer to you, but I will not divorce you.

18. He used to put charity in the hand of the poor:

This is also a kind of refined manner, not to throw money at the poor, but to put it in his hand.

19. He used to sit wherever there was a place:

In contrast, there are many people who get angry if they are invited to a social event and they do not find a place in the first row. The Prophet PBUH was never seen stretching his legs among his companions, which is a kind of subtle morality. Actually, man should sit, stand, move and look in a polite manner.

20. He used to go to the market carrying his needs:

The Prophet PBUH used to go to the market, carrying his goods, and he used to say: I am more entitled to carry them. When Allah the Almighty described the prophets, he said:

(They ate food and walked in the markets.)

[Al-Furqan, 25:20]

There is a slight hint in this ayah, it indicates that the human being who is in need of food to live and to ensure the continuity can’t be of a divine entity, furthermore he is in need of food, and in need of its price.

21. He used to accept invitations:

The Prophet PBUH used to accept the invitation of the free, the slave and the poor
He PBUH said:

If someone does not accept the invitation, he has disobeyed Abu Al-Qasem (the Prophet PBUH)

[Ahmad]

Also, the Prophet PBUH said:

If I am invited to a meal consisting of a sheep’s foot or shoulder, I would respond and I would accept as a gift a shoulder or a foot of a sheep

[Al-Bukhari]

Once, the Prophet PBUH was invited once to a vinegar, he said:

The best of condiment is vinegar

[Muslim]

When you are called to a banquet, to a festival or to a wedding, you should know that the response to such invitation is an act of worship, because the Prophet PBUH used to respond to invitation. But sometimes, people accept the invitation of the powerful and the wealthy while they let down that of the poor, which is a serious default of human being.

22. He used to accept the excuse:

The Prophet PBUH used to accept other’s excuses. Dear brothers, great men forgive mistakes, and accept excuses.
The Prophet PBUH said:

He whose brother came to him (to apology) and offered some excuses, he should accept his excuses, whether they are true or false

[Al-Hakem]

He accepted the excuses, mended his shoes, served himself, cleaned his house, and served his family. Actually, many people disdained to do some house chores; while the Prophet PBUH taught us that doing some of the house work strengthens the relationship between you and your wife.

23. He used to eat with the servant and to honor the guest:

The Prophet PBUH used to eat with his servant, and used to help the weak and the miserable in order to meet their needs.
Once, Udai bin Hatim (one of the Gassanid kings) came to the Prophet PBUH, he did not know whether the Prophet was a king or a Prophet. When the Prophet PBUH met him, he asked him about his name and invited him to his house as an act of honoring. On their way, an elderly woman asked the Prophet to stop for a while and talked to him for a long time about her need, so Udai said to himself “By Allah, kings never do like this, surely he is a Prophet” Then when he entered the house of the Prophet PBUH , the Prophet gave him a leather fiber-stuffed cushion to sit on, Udai refused but the Prophet insisted on that, so Udai sat on that cushion while the Prophet PBUH sat on the ground. What a great modesty! And how great did the Prophet honor his guest!

24. He reflected all the time and cared for his nation’s problems:

The prophet PBUH used to walk in humility, to lower his gaze, and continuously was in grief, because he was deeply concerned about his nation. In fact, it is a good thing to be concerned about our families, but when we are concerned about the nation, this will be a great work.
The Prophet PBUH used to say:

If you knew what I know you would laugh little and weep much!

[Al-Tabarani, Al-hakem and Al-Bayhaqi]

He used to walk in humility, which indicates that the worldly life did not diverted his attention away from his great goal, and the problems of this world did not distract him from getting to know his Lord, and from seeking His Pleasure. Actually, many people get distracted by the slightest problems, and any little problem diverts their attention away from seeking the truth.
Allah the Almighty described His slaves as:

(The slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allah) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness)

[Al-Furqan, 25:63]

They are only preoccupied with their Hereafter, their goal is clear and great, they do not allow the problems of this world to distract them from their Hereafter, nor from achieving their goals. So, the Prophet PBUH was a man of constant sorrow, and he always used to contemplate. Actually, the ability to contemplate is the greatest gift which Allah the Almighty granted us, and through which you can get to know Allah and seek His Pleasure, but most people misuse it.

25. He is friendly and others love his company:

He was kind and gentle, he liked other’s company and they liked his company, he was never ungrateful to anyone. Prior to his death, he addressed his companions saying:

If I have ever beaten any of you on his back, let him come and avenge himself by beating me on my back. If I have ever abused anyone, let him come and abuse me. If I have ever took the money of any of you, let him come and take money from me. To dispute is not part of my nature, nor does it appeal to me.

[Mentioned in tradition]

26. He used to treasure any grace:

The Prophet PBUH used to appreciate any grace, no matter how small it is. No one really appreciates the grace of drinking a glass of water like those who are afflicted with kidney failure, and no one really appreciate the grace of sleep comfortably except those who are sleepless. There is also the grace of having a house to dwell in.
The Prophet PBUH used to say:

Thank to Allah who have granted me a place to dwell in, while many people have no shelter.

[Al-Tirmidhi]

And when the Prophet PBUH woke up, he said:

Thanks be to Allah Who returned my soul, made my body sound, and permitted me to remember Him.

[Al-Tirmidhi]

Verily, we are overwhelmed with innumerable graces, nevertheless, we make complaint constantly.
Once, a man took a straw from the Prophet’s clothes, so the Prophet PBUH raised his hands and said: May Allah reward you.

27. He never turned away from a mendicant:

Whoever came to the Prophet PBUH asking for a need, the Prophet gave it to him.

Once, a Bedouin came to the Prophet PBUH and asked him: “Who is the owner of this large flock of sheep?” The Prophet answered:” It is to you”, that man said: “are you mocking me?” The Prophet said: ” No, By Allah, it is for you”, that man said:” I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah, you give charity as the one who never fears poverty”

[Mentioned in tradition]

28. He used to tolerate strangers:

“Whilst we were in the mosque with the Messenger of Allah PBUH, a Bedouin came and stood urinating in the mosque. The Companions of the Messenger of Allah PBUH said, ‘Stop it! Stop it!’ But the Messenger of Allah PBUH said, ‘Do not interrupt him; leave him alone.’ So they left him until he had finished urinating, then the Messenger of Allah PBUH called him and said to him: ‘In these mosques it is not right to do anything like urinating or defecating; they are only for remembering Allah, praying and reading Qur`an,’ or words to that effect. So that Bedouin said:” O Allah, bestow Your Mercy on me and Muhammad only and do not bestow it on anybody else” the Prophet said to him: “You have limited (narrowed) a very vast (thing)” meaning Allah’s Mercy.

[Al-Bukhari]

29. The way He treated people:

The Prophet PBUH was cheerful, smiling, and he used to meet his companions with a happy face.
The Prophet PBUH said:

Smiling in the face of your brother is a charity (is an act of worship)

[Al-Tirmidhi]

But he reached a high degree of wisdom, and precautions. So the Prophet PBUH was beware of people and was careful with them, but at the same time, he had no bad intention for anyone.
The Prophet PBUH used to ask about his companions and about their conditions, he was not living in an ivory tower, far from the people’s concerns, rather, he took care of people’s concerns, tried to solve their problems. Actually, it is out of high moral standards to ask about other’s problems, to search for their causes, and to try to solve them.
He used to praise the good thing and to dispraise the bad. Likewise, you should praise and appreciate the good work and thank its doer. On the other hand, there are some people who never praise others, rather, they search for others defects to defame them. So, the perfect man is the one who praises a good job, a moral issue, and a noble attitude, and he praises its doer
The Prophet PBUH interacted with the events, He never neglected a duty or surpassed it, while man sometime neglects or surpasses his duties.
The Prophet PBUH was not rude, nor was he rough or clamorous, and he never used to search for other’s defects. In fact whoever searches for other’s mistakes is like a sniper, wherever he finds any error, he mentions it, and makes everyone know about it.
Also, He did not disparage or criticize anyone, because the sin is an evil on other than its doer, if you disparage its doer, this is a kind of backbiting, if you criticize him, Allah will afflict you like him, and if you turn a blind eye on it, you are taking part in the sin.
Thus, the Prophet PBUH taught us that if we see someone committing a sin, we should be grateful to Allah that we are not afflicted like him.
Also, He PBUH only spoke about what deserves Allah’s reward, while you may attend a meeting in which most of what is said is nonsense and silly.
He used to laugh with his companions, and used to sit with them. He who never shares people in their joy and sorrow is not one of them, and this is a kind of unfriendliness, haughtiness and arrogance.
He PBUH used to share his companions their worries, concerns, and joy.
He PBUH was gentle, kind, and moderate, whoever sat behind him thought that he was the most beloved companion to him, what a subtle moral! Who can be like him?

30. He never condemned nor praised a food:

He overlooked what he did not like of food, and never let down those who made it,, thus he never condemned the food.
Actually, there are some people who always condemn food, even if they were invited to the most exquisite food, while the Prophet PBUH never condemned food, which is one of his refined morals, He never condemned or praised the food, and he never got angry about anything related to the worldly life.

The trials which the Prophet PBUH suffered:

1. Poverty:

Dear brothers, the Prophet PBUH suffered poverty, once, he entered his house, he asked his wife:

Do you have any food?” They said: “Nothing at all”, he said:” Then, I will fast today.

[Mentioned in tradition]

While someone may enter his house and may get angry, roar and shout loudly out of anger because food is not ready yet.

2. Victory:

When Allah the Almighty granted him victory (at Makkah conquest), He entered Makkah lowering his head until his turban was almost touching the neck of his camel and that was out of humbleness to Allah the Almighty.
He said to the people of Quraish:

What do you think I am going to do with you?” They said:” We think that you are going to treat us in a good manner, a noble brother, and the son of a noble brother” he said: “I will say as my brother Yusuf said to his brothers: (No blame will there be upon you today) go, for you are free.

3. The oppression:

He PBUH suffered oppression in Taif where he made a supplication which is essential for Muslims nowadays, the Prophet PBUH said:

Oh Allah, I complain to You my weakness, my lack of resources, and my lowliness before men. Oh the Most Merciful! You are the Lord of the weak and You are my Lord. To whom will You relinquish my fate! To the an enemy who will misuse me? Or to someone close whom You have given power over me? If You are not angry with me then I care not what happens to me. Your favour is all that counts for me

[Al-Tabarani]

4. The death of son:

The Prophet PBUH was afflicted with the death of his son (Ibrahim)
He PBUH said:

The eyes send their tears and the heart is saddened, but we do not say anything except that which pleases our Lord. Indeed, O Ibrahim, we are bereaved by your departure from us

[Al-Bukhari]

5. The accusation against his wife Aisha:

He was afflicted with the accusation of his wife, Aisha , may Allah be pleased with her, (some hypocrites accused her of committing adultery), and there was no revelation for forty days. If the revelation was under the control of the Prophet, he would have defended her reputation in one hour, but it came after forty days according to Allah’s Will. So, this proves that the Prophet PBUH had no control over the Revelation.
When the Noble Ayah, which defended the reputation of Aisha ( may Allah be pleased with her), was revealed, her father Abu Bakr asked her to thank the Messenger of Allah, but she said: ” By Allah, I will not thank but Allah”, so the Prophet PBUH smiled and said:

She has known the Owner of Bounty

[Mentioned in tradition]

6. Man is under trial in prosperity and adversity:

Most believers obey Allah’s orders as long as they are wealthy, and earn a high income, they thank Allah the Almighty and praise him, however, when Allah tests their faith by a tribulation, they soon lose their faith and their trust in Allah the Almighty, hence, the real success is to pass the test of Allah the Almighty.
Imam Shafi’I, may Allah be pleased with him, was asked: “Should we ask Allah the Almighty to be tested or to be established in the land”, he answered: “You will not be established in the land unless you are tested”
And I affirm to you that it is impossible to reach paradise without tribulation, because Allah the almighty says:

(For sure We are ever putting (men) to the test.)

[Al-Muminun, 23:30]

(Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: “We believe,” and will not be tested.)

[Al-Ankabut: 29:2]

Dear brothers, we are tested by what Allah granted us and by what Allah deprived us of; we are tested by good health and by illness, by wealth and by poverty, by strength and by weakness, and by handsomeness and by ugliness, and this is the meaning of the following supplication:

O Allah! Whatever You have granted me from what I love, make it a means of strength for me to use in the way You love. O Allah! Whatever love (of things) You have removed from me then Grant in its place the love (of things) that You love.

[Al-Tirmidhi]

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds

Translation : Rana Saraqbi
Auditing : Noora Al Sharabi

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