Jun
30
2012

Reasoning is one of the Prophet’s attributes PBUH

In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Dear brothers, we are still tackling the prophet’s attributes PBUH, and today we will talk about the preponderance of the prophet’s mind over any other human’s mind.

Reasoning is a great blessing:

Dear brothers, for a start let me say that no blessing is much greater and exalted than the blessing of reasoning, better yet; it is the greatest blessing at all.
The Human being is the most complicated, transcendent, honored, responsible, and the first creature in this universe. The complication is due to the mind man is bestowed with; as the preponderance reasoning is the greatest blessing Allah might bestow a servant of His with.

The most prudent among you is the one who loves Allah the most

One of this preponderance mind’s requirements is to know and to love Allah

1. The difference between reasoning and intelligence:

This is a concept I’d like to tackle before I go deep in this topic, as you might see someone with a high scientific degree, yet, he doesn’t pray, he drinks wine, and he might commit adultery, so the question to be asked in this condition: How can we accord between one’s intelligent mind and between being obedient to Allah the Almighty?
Some scholars analyzed that issue as follows: we should differentiate between reasoning and intelligence, as intelligence is exclusive oriented, however, reasoning is inclusive oriented.
So, he, who knows Allah the Almighty, knows the secret of life, and knows the mission of human being on earth is described as a man of reason, however, he, who specializes in an exclusive topic and excels it, is described as an intelligent person.
Hence, intelligence is all about details, and this character is applied on even criminals, as they might be very intelligent persons due to their masterful planning, yet, can we call them people of reason? No! Impossible, as reasoning is a character of a believer only……

The most prudent among you is the one who loves Allah the most

In a while, you will realize that the prophet PBUH is the most reasonable man on earth, because his reasoning guides him to Allah, to love Allah, to be loyal to Allah, and to devote his entire life in seeking Allah’s content, and for that, he earned his exalted position.
Dear brothers, coming to this world and investing your limited life in Allah’s cause is the triumph you earn.
If you look around, you will find very intelligent people who earned lot of money and lived in luxury houses, and when they died, they left this world earning nothing worthy, were they reasoned people? No! They were intelligent but not reasoned. On the other hand, those, who came to the world, appreciated their lives, knew their Lord, and devoted their potentials in a transcendent cause, were amongst the happiest people when they died.
Dear brother, your reasoning is tested when you are about to meet your Creator, and most people don’t give lot of thinking to this last hour of their lives, so, where are their minds when death comes?
Abu Sufian on the day of Meccan conquest looked deeply at the prophet PBUH and said:

How rational, wise, merciful, and honoring you are to your tribe

The prophet PBUH has got a mind, reasoning, mercy, wisdom, and loyalty beyond any limits. Allah’s testimony for the preponderance of the Prophet’s mind is in the following Ayah:

(By the pen and what the (angels) write (in the Records of men). You (O Muhammad) are not, by the Grace of your Lord, a madman)

[Al-Qalam,1-2]

It is a great blessing. This Ayah reminds me of another one:

(He said: “O my people! Tell me, if I have a clear proof from my Lord, and a Mercy (Prophethood, etc.) has come to me from Him, but that (Mercy) has been obscured from your sight. Shall we compel you to accept it (Islamic Monotheism) when you have a strong hatred for it?)

[Hud, 28]

The believer is indulged in mercy, happiness, serenity, and peacefulness that people of worldly life don’t have knowledge of.
For that one of the pious men said:

What can my enemies do to me, my paradise and garden are in my chest, and they are with me wherever I go. My expulsion from my homeland is tourism, my imprisonment is my privacy with Allāh, and my killing is martyrdom

And he also said:

Pity the people of the worldly life who have born and departed without ever knowing the closeness to Allah the Almighty which is the best can be obtained in life

This ayah dear brothers, is the testimony of the Creator of the universe that His noble prophet PBUH owned the most preponderant mind when he was bestowed with the blessing of prophethood and the message.
Some scholars said:

Allah the Almighty has never given any human, since the beginning of life till the end of days, reasoning that can be compared to Mohammad’s reasoning PBUH, but tiny particle of sand like, comparing with all sand in the world, and he had the most preponderant mind and the most wise opinion among mankind

The more reasoning you are, the closest to Allah you will be, and the more reasoning you are, the more love you will have for Allah.
So if there were two indicators synchronizing with each other, one for reasoning, the other will be for obedience, love, fear, and longing to Allah. So you can test your reasoning throughout your status, deeds, and heart.
When our Master Khalid Ibn Al Walid intended to embrace Islam, he came to the prophet PBUH and said:

Peace by upon the prophet

Khalid Ibn Al Walid, the legend who reversed the Muslims’ victory in Uhud to pagans’ interest, and the one of the greatest leaders.
Then the prophet PBUH said:

“come closer” so he did, and then the prophet PBUH said: “I knew that you have an open mind and I prayed that it would lead you to safety”

This is an indication from the prophet PBUH that this religion is embraced by reasonable people, and one of reasoning’s requirements is to approach this religion. For that, the prophet wondered about the delay of Khalid’s converting to Islam despite his reasoning and prudence.

Reported Farrah Ibn Hubairah, May Allah be pleased with him, he came to the prophet PBUH and said: ‘We used to worship idols and goddesses instead of worshiping Allah the Almighty, we invoked them, yet, they didn’t respond to us, we asked them, yet they didn’t answer us, till we came to you and were guided by Allah through you, so we worship Allah now”
To which the prophet PBUH said: “He, who is blessed with reasoning will prosper”

Reasoning is the gist of things; can you imagine an orange without a pulp?
Some people void their potentials from the pulp and keep the skin only which will bring you to a disappointment.
You can sift the reasonable person from the other wise by a mere word, as the prophet PBUH said:

He, who is blessed with reasoning will prosper

Allah says:

(But it is only the men of understanding that pay heed)

[Al-Ra’d, 19]

Dear brothers, Allah says:

(Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an in order that you may understand)

[Yusuf, 2]

In order that you may understand, and the whole Quran is meant for you to understand, the prophet PBUH said:

The best of reasoning after faith is shyness and noble morals

[Al Jame’ Al Sagheer, by Anas]

2. The harmony between reasoning and Divine reporting:

It was narrated that a Bedouin came to the prophet PBUH and left after the prophet taught him Islamic orders and prohibitions, so the Bedouin converted to Islam, then his kindred asked him: “How could you tell that he is the messenger of Allah?” to which the Bedouin answered: “Muhammad didn’t order something to which my reasoning asked me not to do it, and he didn’t prohibited anything to which my reasoning asked me to do it”

Any order or prohibition which accords with reasoning can’t contradict with divine reporting, because reasoning is a measure installed in all of us by Allah and the divine reporting is His Words, so both two can’t contradict with each other.
Allah has descended Quran (His revelation) upon his prophet PBUH and bestowed us with reasoning to be the measure; hence, both are from Allah, thereby, reasoning accords with reporting.
If any contradiction took place between the two, that would be due to either an unauthenticated reporting, or a deviated mind, because the balanced mind can never contradict with reporting.

3. The belief in resurrection day through reasoning:

By the way, anything you see reflects its creator.
The mind has the ability to move from sensed content to abstract content, from the seen to the unseen, and from fraction to the whole, and this is the definition of mind in its absolute concept. However, the hereafter can’t be sensed in worldly life and believing in it is a mere submission kind of belief of what is reported by Allah, yet, there is a question to be asked: Is there any intellectual evidence of the hereafter rather than the divine reporting?
In other words, could someone who has never read Quran, Torah, bible, nor has he listened to a sermon, come to a conclusion that there is a hereafter by using his mind only?
Some scholars set an example for that, which I liked a lot, they said: if there is a play in a theatre and the actors finished only its first chapter, why do you think the spectators didn’t leave the theatre? That is because the plot is not finished yet, the story is not completed as there is always an introduction, a plot and a conclusion in any story, and the play is not displayed to the end yet.
Listen to this intellectual graduate comprehending in the respect of the hereafter:

Abdul Muttalib (The prophet’s uncle) reasoned one day saying: “No tyrant should be left without being punished by Allah before he dies”, some said: “Such and such man oppressed and tyrannized others”, to which he said: “Allah has punished him on such and such day” so they said to him: “how about such and such man” he answered: “Allah has punished him on such and such day”, then they said to him: “Such and such man oppressed and tyrannized others yet hasn’t been punished” he thought for a while and said: “then there must be a day in which Allah will punish him”

In worldly life you see the powerful and the weak, the rich and the poor, the tyrant and the tyrannized, a person who lives long life and another who lives short one, and sometimes the tyrant might die before Allah punishes him, and so forth. This indicates that there must be another day in which all accounts are settled. There must be a day in which the weak takes his revenge from the powerful and the poor from the rich.
Dear brothers, there is a nice quote that says: greatness of creating indicates greatness of actions, and the perfection of creating indicates the perfection of actions, and there is always a harmony between the perfection of creation and the perfection of actions.
The universe is a refection of the perfection of creating; hence its Creator should be perfect in His Actions. Accordingly, there is the powerful and the weak, the tyrant and the tyrannized, the poor and the rich, the healthy and the sick, and the short-lived and the long-lived, and when death occurs, there must be another day in which all accounts will be settled. However, what do the Atheists say? They say:

(And they will say: “Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the dwellers of the blazing Fire!)

[Al-Mulk, 10]

4. The truth is reachable either through reasoning or reporting:

The Ayah is very accurate, it is like cooking, so either you eat cooked meal or you cook it yourself, along the same line, you either listen to the truth, or you reflect and ponder till you reach the same results (the truth).

(And they will say: “Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the dwellers of the blazing Fire!)

[Al-Mulk, 10]

You should listen and comprehend, yet doing both is the best you can do.

5. He, who used his mind is entitled to happiness:

The prophet PBUH said:

The first thing Allah created was the mind, He said to it: come, so the mind came, then He said to it: go, so the mind went, then Allah the Almighty said: By My Glory and Exaltedness, nothing is more preferable to Me among My creation than you (the mind), as I bestow and withdraw because of you

[By Abi Umamah]

Therefore, the human being will earn happiness upon using his/her mind, and will earn hardship upon deactivating it. “I bestow and withdraw because of you”

Examples of the Prophet’s reasoning PBUH:

1. The prophet’s debate with the Atheist:

It was reported that Husain (father of Imran Ibn Husain) used to worship seven idols before Islam considering them as Gods, and he was a notable man in Quraish, so they came to him and said: Talk to that man (referring to the prophet PBUH) as he is putting down your idols and curses them. So they accompanied him till they reached the prophet’s door where they sat nearby – Pay attention to the prophet’s preponderance mind – The prophet said:

Make a room for the old man

being rude is not a character of a believer though this man is worshiping seven idols – Husain addressed the prophet per saying: “We overheard that you are cursing our idols”
To which the prophet PBUH said:

O, Husain, how many idols do you worship?

He said: seven on earth and one in the heaven, that makes eight of them.
The prophet PBUH said:

If you were in hardship, whom do you call?

The man answered: I call the one in heavens.
The prophet PBUH said:

If you are broke, whom do you call?

The man said: the one in heavens
The prophet then said PBUH:

How come you worship those idols with the Only One Who responds to your supplication? Do you thank Him yet worship others with Him? Do you thank Him and fear your people?

Husain said: None of those two
The prophet PBUH then said:

convert to Islam to be safe

Husain said: I would lose my position in my kindred if I accept what you said.
Of course this is a problem, as other religions believed the prophet PBUH yet they didn’t admit it to him lest they lose their position and privileges.
Husain then asked: what should I do?
The prophet PBUH said:

Say: O Allah, I ask for Your guidance to best of my interest, grant me knowledge to benefit of.

When Husain said that, he didn’t leave this assembly before converting to Islam.
Have you noticed this reasonable, calm, gentle, and honorable debate, especially when the prophet said:

Make a room for the old man

When Husain converted to Islam, Imran (His son who was attending this meeting and who embraced Islam already) kissed his father’s head, hands and feet in front of the prophet PBUH, to which the prophet wept saying:

I cried because of what Imran has done, that is because Imran didn’t stand when his father first stepped in (when he was pagan), and not even looked at him, but when he embraced Islam he honored him so I was touched.

Dear brothers, why do you think I insist on tackling the attributes of the prophet PBUH? That is because they are a detailed method, like when you learn from the prophet PBUH that you should honor the honorable persons in their kindred, you should reasonably debate with the other without looking down to him, you should honor the one you are debating with, and you should resort to a reasonable, explicit, and catechized debate.

2. The prophet’s debate with a sin seeker:

Once, a young man came to the prophet PBUH, asking his permission to commit fornication. The companions told him to be quiet and scolded the young man.
Now pay attention to the logic and the demonstration that the prophet PBUH used to address the other person’s mind calmly giving him conclusive evidence and showering him with reasons till He managed to convince him.
Therefore, it is not about shouting, making noise, and raising voice, it is about providing evidence reciprocally.
So he asked permission for committing fornication. The companions told him to be quiet and scolded the young man, so the prophet PBUH said:

No, Do you like it for your mother?

The man said: No, to which the Prophet (pbuh) commented

So are people.” And said: “Do you like it for your daughter?

he answered: No, to which the prophet PBUH said

so are people

then the man said: “Be my witness, as I repent from fornication. And in another narration he said: I came to the prophet and fornication is the dearest thing to me and went out and it is the most hatred thing to me.

3. His reasoning while building the Kabaah:

Disagreements arose among the clan leaders as to who would have the honor of lifting the sacred black stone into place when the Kabaa was rebuilt. The disagreements increased to the point where the clans were about to take up arm against each other, so what did the prophet PBUH do? He spread out his cloak, put the stone in the middle and had members of the four major clans raise it to its destined position.
This is a preponderance mind.

4. His ability to analyze facts:

Establishing data in every war is the very crucial act of all, and the most dangerous one especially in our era of information revolution.

Ali Bin Abi Taleb, May Allah be pleased with him, said: When we settled in Medina, we ate its fruits and we were sick, at that time in the battle of Badr. Muhammad PBUH wanted to know the number of soldiers in the Makkan army so the Muslims could plan their strategy accordingly. He sent a group of Muslims to find it out before the battle started and they arrived before Mushrikeen (polytheists) to the water wells in Badr, where they found two men, one Qurashian man and the other is a servant of Okbah Bin Abi Muait, the Qurashian gave them the slip so they brought the other to Muhammad PBUH. When He tried to know the number of Makkan army the man did not know the exact numbers of the soldiers saying: there are so many of them and they are strong. And no matter how hard the prophet tried but he couldn’t have known, so the prophet PBUH asked him: “How many camels do they slaughter everyday? The man replied: ten of them every day, from his answer, Muhammad PBUH estimated between 900 and 1000 soldiers as every camel is enough for 100 menْ

And that was the number.

5. His sophistication in leadership:

The prophet PBUH was highly talented leader:

1. Preparing translators:

He ordered some of his companions to learn Syrianian and Hebrew language so he would be able to become secure against their plotting.
Furthermore, he never used a Non-Muslim translator, yet, he ordered his companions to learn the language in order to be able to translate any letter of both languages to Arabic and make sure the translation is accurate and that is no one is bluffing.

2. In Khandak (trench) battle:

When the prophet PBUH ordered Hazifa Ben Al-Yaman to spy on the polytheist in Khandak battle, he said to him:

Infiltrate their encampment and bring me news of what’s happening, and do nothing till you come back

[Hafiza] sat among them, Abou Soufian feared the possibility that strangers might be listening to him so he said, “Let each one of you look at his companion.” Hazifa was intelligent enough to say to his companion, ’Who are you?” The companion replied, “So-and-so son of so-and-so.” And if he was late his cover would have blown.
The prophet said to that:

The believer is prudent and cautious

[From Al Jameh al Sagheer, by Anas]

Allah says:

(O you who believe! Take your precautions)

[Al-Nisa’, 71]

Have you even seen more intelligence that this?

3. The Conquest of Mecca:

It was reported that the prophet PBUH ordered for ten thousand fires to be let up when he was heading to Mecca passing the Zahran passage in order to put fear in the enemy’s hearts. And the enemy fall for it, as they described it upon seeing it as the fires of Arafah day (so many people) and this filled their hearts with fear. Furthermore, the prophet PBUH asked his uncle Al Abbas to sit with Abu Sufyan on the way in the bottleneck called “Khutm Al Jabal” to have a clear look at the Muslims’ troops when they pass, so a battalion after battalion kept coming and Abu Sufyan kept asking about them while Al Abbas told him who they are one by one till Abu Sufyan accepted surrendering and cooperating.
Therefore, the prophet PBUH used all tactics in war that is known nowadays in order to win his battles, and utilized them as a wise leader through reasonable and intelligent methods.
The difference between reasoning and intelligence is that the latter is exclusive while the former is inclusive, hence, one might be intelligent yet not reasonable, and vise versa.
The prophet PBUH said:

Enough for someone to be knowledgeable to fear Allah

[Sunan Al Darami, by Masrook]

Hence, the mere fearing Allah indicates your knowledge, namely, you know that you have a Lord Who sent a method and ordered you to obey Him, so knowing that is an evidence of a preponderance mind.

6. His selection of the action group:

Considering the example of a rosary which is nothing but beads in a string that is unseen yet it exists, along with the same line is a human being.
When someone manages to comprehend a text or a topic he/she will lay the hand on the gist of it, as the latter is like the string which systematizes all the beads (so to speak).
Out of the prophet’s preponderance mind PBUH, he was carefully choosing his assistants who were important to get in touch with the society. Hence, the prophet PBUH sent messengers from those assistants of his to the kings, or chose army commanders from among them, thus his choice was exceedingly done, and he used to choose them from the cream of crops of his companions.
For that reason, anyone wrongly chooses his assistants is doomed, on the other hand, if he well-chooses them, he will prosper.
One, as you all know, is strong because of his companions, and weak because of them, hence, the mission of any proselytizer is doomed when he/she is surrounded by weak, slack, short-sighted, lazy people whose goals don’t level up with the greatness of this message (Islam).

1. In Khaibar’s battle (an oasis lying about 95 miles north of Medina):

The prophet PBUH used to choose from the cream of crops of heroes among his companions according to the mission and readiness, and after a while, the companions would realize the wisdom behind choosing a man in particular.
The prophet PBUH said on the day of Khaibar battle:

Messenger of Allah PBUH said on the day of the Khaibar Battle, “I will give this banner to a person at whose hands Allah will grant victory, a man who loves Allah and His messenger PBUH, and Allah and His messenger love him also.” The people spent the night thinking as to whom it would be given. When it was morning, the people hastened to Messenger of Allah PBUH. Every one of them was hoping that the banner would be given to him. He (the Prophet PBUH asked, “Where is Ali Bin Abu Talib?” They said: “O Messenger of Allah! His eyes are sore.” He PBUH then sent for him and when he came, Messenger of Allah PBUH applied his saliva to his eyes and supplicated. `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) recovered as if he had no ailment at all. He PBUH conferred upon him the banner. `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “O Messenger of Allah, shall I fight against them until they are like us?” Thereupon he (the Prophet PBUH said, “Advance cautiously until you reach their open places; thereafter, invite them to Islam and inform them what is obligatory for them from the Rights of Allah, for, by Allah if Allah guides even one person through you that is better for you than possessing a whole lot of red camels

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Ali, May Allah be pleased with him, said:

It never gets conjunctivitis or ill since the prophet PBUH put his noble hand over it

The prophet once looked for someone for a special mission, to which some companions nominated one of them, but the prophet PBUH said politely:

Not up to it

This means that this man is not cut out for this mission, as the prophet PBUH was aware of men’s abilities, positions, potentials, and characters, so he was able to put the right person for the right mission.

2. In Uhud battle (A mountain in Madinah):

On the day of Uhud the war was raged:

During the battle of Uhud, the Prophet PBUH drew his sword, held it in his hand and called out to his Sahaba (companions) and said, “Who is ready to take this sword and fulfill it’s right?” Many notable Sahaba set out to take it. Amongst them was Az-Zubair bin Al-’Awwam who asked for it for three times, but it was granted to none of them. Abu Dujana stood and inquired, “O Messenger of Allah, what is its price?” The Prophet PBUH said, “It is to strike the enemy’s faces with it until it breaks!” So Abu Dujana said, “O Messenger of Allah, I will take it for that price.” and he was given the sword. Therefore as soon as Abu Dujana took the Prophet’s PBUH sword, he banded his head and started strutting proudly amongst the Mujahideen. Upon seeing this, the Messenger of Allah PBUH said, “This is a sort of walking that Allah detests except in such a situation (Jihad)

One shouldn’t go humble in front of Atheists, on the contrary, he should show them his strength, self confidence, and his honor, and should humble only in front of his fellow believer.
Allah described the believers in Quran by saying:

(humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the Way of Allah)

[Al-Ma’idah’, 54]

There is an accurate point that you should pay attention to, dear brothers, and we should all benefit from it in all prophetic biography topics, that is, when the prophet does something, he is considered as the law-giver, which means, he sets up measures (through his acts) to be standardized against in thousand of matters, like:

Two of the Ansar were passing by. When they saw the Prophet PBUH they rushed away. He said, ‘Do not rush, she is Safyah Bint Hoyay’

[Bukhari]

This is one incident to which you can standardize many similar incidents because the prophet PBUH was a law-giver and whatever he has done is considered as a law.
Consider the example of a shop owner who has a customer at his shop when a woman (his sister) steps in so he said to her: we miss you, in this case, he should tell the customer that she is his sister.
Or when you have a partner in your shop and you came to it at midnight to take an important paper, and the next morning you are on a travel, in this case you should tell the guard the story lest he thinks that you are coming at midnight to steal things due to a disagreement that might take place between you and your partner.
Therefore, as long as the prophet PBUH is a law-giver, then his actions are measures to which we standardize, otherwise, his actions are solely incidents that won’t happen again, which is not the case.
Hence, when the prophet PBUH said: “She is Safyah Bint Hoyay” you should follow his steps and never let any of your actions be suspicious.
Ali, May Allah be pleased with him said:

Don’t put yourself in suspicious situation then blame people of accusing you

So he, who puts himself in suspicious situations, should take people’s blame and defamation and it is his entire fault.

Abu Dujana frequently distinguished himself in battle by wearing a red band on his head, so the Ansar said to him: put on your band of death, to which he said in poetry:
‘I am the one whom my intimate friend [the Prophet (peace be upon him)]
made covenant with, when we were under the palm-trees on the mountain side.
The covenant was that I would not fight at the rear,
but fight at the front heroically with the sword of Allah and His Messenger
He slaughtered all the idolaters that stood on his way splitting and dispersing their ranks. Az-Zubair bin Al-’Awwam said, “There was a man among the idolaters whose only objective was to finish off the wounded Muslims. During the fight, Abu Dujana approached that man; so I (Az-Zubair bin Al-’Awwam) implored Allah that they might engage in combat. They did start fighting and exchanged two sword-strokes. The idolater swung at Abu Dujana, but he escaped it and the sword pierced into his (Abu Dujana’s) leather shield. The idolater’s sword now stuck to his shield, Abu Dujana lunged at that Kafir with his sword and killed him”

The prophet thereby has chosen our Master Ali for Khaibar Battle, while he has chosen Abu Dujana in Uhud battle when it was raged, to fight with his sword.

7. His letters to the kings in his era:

The prophet applied what we call international marketing when he has chosen the cream of the crops to hold his letters to the kings.

1. Al Alaa Ibn Hadrami to Al Munzer Bin Sawa:

The prophet sent Ibn Al Hadrami to Munzer bin Sawa with his letter asking him to embrace Islam, so when Al Hadrami came to this king – listen to the words of this notable companion – he said:
“O, Munzer, you have an open mind so don’t be among the closed mind people in the hereafter-
This means that your mind should guide you to Islam otherwise your mind is considered among closed mind people in the hereafter-
This Magus is the worst of religions, as its followers commit incest, eat disgusting food, and worship fire in worldly life lest it burns them on the Day of Resurrection. You are bestowed with a great mind and reasoning, so would you not believe in the one who never lies? Would you not feel secured from he who never betrays? Would you not trust who never breaks a promise? So if all these characters were the attributes of this illiterate prophet, then by Allah no man with reasoning would say: If only he ordered what was forbidden, if only he forbade what he ordered, if only he was more forgiving, or if only he decreased his punishment, and all of which suites the illiteracy of reasoned people and the intelligence of people with good perspective.
This means that the prophet’s behavior is wise, his forgiveness, his punishment, his relative’s honoring, his donations, his orders, and his prohibitions are in the right place and time.-
To which Al Munzer replied: “I’ve checked the religion I follow (Magus) to find out that it is meant for this worldly life not the hereafter, and I have checked your religion to find out that it is meant for the hereafter and the worldly life, so why should I not embrace a religion that grants me the wishes of life and the comfort after death, and as much as I was against those who embraced it –converted to Islam – as much as I am against those who refuse it today, and I will think of this whole thing”

2. Al Muhajer Ibn Abi Umayya to Al Hareth Ibn Abu Filal:

When another messenger (Ibn Abi Umayyah Al Makhzoomee who happened to be Um Salamah’s brother) was sent by the prophet PBUH to Al Hareth Ibn Abu Filal (one of Hymiar’s kings) he approached the king and said:
“O, Hareth, you were first to be offered Islam by the prophet but you missed that, and as far as I know you are one of the greatest kinds, and if you experienced kings’ triumph, be ware of the kings’ defeater (Allah), who defeats and overpowers them, fear Him and leave kings’ triumph. If you are pleased with your day, fear tomorrow, and be aware that there were kings before you whom had gone, yet, their stories remained, as they lived long, hoped for long life, yet they were short on their good deeds. You should know that some of them are dead, and some were punished, and I call you to the Lord Who will grant your guidance if you asked for it and Whom no one will prevent you from if He is after you. I call you to an illiterate prophet who ordered us for the best of our interest, and forbade us from the worst, and you should know that you have a Lord Who take the soul of the living, and bring to life who died, and Who knows the fraud of the eyes, and all that the breasts conceal”
Those messengers of the prophet PBUH to the kings were up to the mission.
One of the most important duties of a leader is to be able to choose the most qualified person for the tough missions, and that is exactly what the prophet PBUH has done in war, in peace, in his calling to Islam among his people, and in his calling to Islam among other nations.

8. Handling the imprudent:

The prophet PBUH said:

The best of reasoning after faith is handling people with mercy

[Al Jame’ Al Sagheer, by Saeed Ibn Al Musayeb]

It will be one of the greatest deeds your reasoning can ever offer you, when you have the ability to handle people with mercy, draw closer to them, be lenient with them, forgive them, get over their shortcomings, and guide them to Allah the Almighty.
The prophet used to handle short-sighted people and the foolish with gentleness to avoid their evil and calamity, not to mention that he, by that behavior, will earn their hearts and guide them to the right path.
Aisha, May Allah be pleased with her, reported:

A man asked permission to visit the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When he saw him he said, ‘Let him enter. An evil brother of his tribe!’ or ‘An evil son of his tribe!’ When he entered, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spoke kindly to him. I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, when you saw the man, you said such-and-such about him. Then you spoke kindly to him.’ he said, ”A’isha, the worst of people is the one whom people desert or leave because of his coarse languageِ

[Bukhari]

When you handle someone with gentleness, it will make you wise though he is still evil (the prophet said what he said about that man to teach us how to handle evil people)

(the worst of people is the one whom people desert or leave because of his coarse language)

The worst of people is the one whom people desert to avoid his evil, while the best of people is the gentle believer.
This Hadith might implant the feeling that the prophet was two faced person, on the contrary, he was teaching us that he handled this man with gentleness because he was bad mouth who used dirty language, so he did so out of wisdom, otherwise, provoking this kind of people will make him use his dirty language.
Dear brothers, scholars said: to this Hadith we refer the act of Mudarah (handling people with gentleness), and they were keen on differentiating between Mudarah and Mudahanah (adulation) which is disgraced.
Mudarah is to give up worldly life for the sake of both worldly life and the hereafter, whereas Mudahanah is to give up the religion for the sake of worldly life.
Hence, it is fine to use Mudarah, but we can’t use Mudahanah.
Allah says:

(They wish that you should compromise (in religion out of courtesy) with them, so they (too) would compromise with you)

[Al-Qalam, 9]

When you don’t pray, lest people know that you do, this is a Mudahanah’s behavior and you thereby lost your religion for something worldly.
When you don’t object to have wine on your table (though you don’t drink it) in a restaurant for a worldly purpose, this is Mudahanah.
The prophet PBUH said:

I was sent and should handle people with gentleness

[in the relic, by Jaber]

If he said PBUH “I was sent to handle” then handling people with gentleness would be a purpose.
We are asked to handle people with gentleness, help them, listen to them, give them a present, and serve them, but we weren’t asked to lose our religion, our prayers, or our righteousness to please them, as this would be an act of Mudahanah.
The prophet PBUH said:

I was ordered by Allah to handle people with mercy exactly like He ordered me of obligatory

[In the relic, by Aisha]

If you are a Muslim who is keen on his/her religion, then don’t be rude and don’t be rough edged piece of metal like, yet, be lenient.
I was asked by a person two days ago: Is it out of Sunnah to shave the head of the newborn? And he went into disagreement with his wife over that matter, to which her father interfered and turned the disagreement into a big problem which was about to lead to divorce, but the father in law cut few hairs and solved the problem. Watch out of these matters, as they are not considered as big deals, be lenient.
You shouldn’t be lenient in fundamentals, yet you can be so in small details if they will lead to bigger problems.
Again, Mudahanah is to lose your religion for the sake of the worldly life, and Allah exalted His prophet to be like this, as Allah says:

(They wish that you should compromise (in religion out of courtesy) with them, so they (too) would compromise with you)

[Al-Qalam, 9]

What the prophet did is Mudarah not Mudahanah.
Amr Ibn Al Aa’s, May Allah be pleased with him, said:

The prophet PBUH used to meet the worst of people with cheerful face trying to handle them with mercy by such an act

9. His vast knowledge:

The prophet PBUH had a vast knowledge and this was one of the evidences indicated his mind’s preponderance.
Allah bestowed his prophet with vast knowledge, showed him His signs, gave him testimonials, supported him with miracles, and descended revelation upon him, and he who has the ability to undertake all this, to handle it, and to level up with it, should have a great heart and a preponderant mind (The prophet PBUH).
One might acquire a Doctorate degree by comprehending 30 Hadiths and by deducing laws out of them, so what about the prophet PBUH himself?
The prophet PBUH was described in some poetry:

O, Illiterate, enough class that you had
in knowledge that all the knowledgeable looked up to you

He is the Master of scholars, and Allah says:

(He has been taught (this Qur’an) by one mighty in power [Jibrael (Gabriel)])

[Al-Najm, 5]

Given each one is proud of his/her mentor, the prophet PBUH was proud that Allah the Almighty reared Him. Pay attention to this concept which is related to the prophet’s illiteracy. It is out of perfection that the prophet PBUH was illiterate who doesn’t read or write, whereas it is considered as a disadvantage to the rest of mankind.
The reason is that his illiteracy is an honor to him, because his knowledge is pure of worldly teachings, for Allah Himself educated him transcendently, otherwise, and if He was taught knowledge, people would have said when any revelation is descended to Him : Is this from your words or from revelation’s words?
Allah says:

(Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only an Inspiration that is inspired)

[Al-Najm, 3-4]

Even the Hadeeth is considered as a part of revelation that is not recited, and scholars differentiated between recited revelation (Quran) and none-recited revelation (Sunnah).

Facts deserve mentioning:

1. The mind is frame of reference of the divine assignment:

Dear brothers, you should know that the mind is the frame of reference for the divine assignment, and it is a rule of thumb that if Allah takes away what He bestowed (mind), He will cancel what He obligated (divine assignment).
This last statement has very serious indications, one of which is that the mind is the frame reference for the divine assignment, and if for example the mind is gone (in cases of craziness) then Allah will cancel the obligation towards obligatory, what does that mean?
It means that obligatory is reasoning oriented, or else, mind wouldn’t be the frame of reference to it, hence, he who loses his mind is excused of obligatory.
For that reason, there was a war between the mind and the church in recent eras, and our religion is free from such wars due to its harmony with the mind. Yet, other deviated religions contradict severely with the mind which will lead to a refusal to this religion by the literates.

2. Nothing in Islam contradicts with reasoning:

If our prophet PBUH held a message against reasoning, pagans would never have left him (as they were on his tail waiting for one mistake), they would have spoken it out, they would have criticized the prophet PBUH, they would have confuted Him, and they would have defamed Him. Yet, all wise and reasonable people at that time testify to the eligibility of this message the prophet PBUH was sent with.
When our master Jaafar, May Allah be pleased with him, came to Najashee, he said to him:

we were ignorant people. We worshipped the idols. We ate dead animals. We did bad actions and abandoned our relatives. We mistreated our neighbors. The strong oppressed the weak. So Allah has sent us a Messenger. We know his ancestors and his truthfulness. We know that he is pure and trustworthy So, he has invited us to worship the Only Allah. He has ordered us to avoid what we and our fathers had worshipped

[Ahmad]

Najashi said later: You’re welcome; Your Prophet is welcome. I admit that he is the Messenger whom Isa bin Maryam had given good news about. If I weren’t the king of this land I would have gone to this prophet and hold his shoes for him

[Ahmad]

Aktham Ibn Sayfee was one of pre-Islamic dignitaries, when he overheard in respect of messenger’s mission, he sent two of his kindred to meet the prophet PBUH, so they said to Him: “We are messengers of Aktham Ibn Sayfee, and he is asking you, who are you? What are you? To which the prophet PBUH answered: “As for who am I? I am Mohammad son of Abdullah, and as for what am I? I am the servant of Allah and his messenger and I convey to you His words:

(Verily, Allah enjoins Al-Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah's sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help, etc.): and forbids Al-Fahsha’ (i.e all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e all that is prohibited by Islamic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds, etc.), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression), He admonishes you, that you may take heed)

[Al-Nahl, 90]

They said to Him: would you repeat that please?, so he did till they memorized it. They came to Aktham and said to him: “We asked him about his ancestry and found him of the best ancestries, the best of Muddar, and he recited words we memorized” So when Aktham heard those words he said:
“From these verses it is understood that this individual (Muhammad PBUH) guides us to a very high level of character and prevents people from bad characteristics. All of our people should immediately enter this religion so that we are well advanced (morally) of our nations, so, be leaders at this matter not followers))

3. The best of Islam is its harmony with reasoning:

Dear brothers, given the religion of Islam is in harmony with the mind one hundred percent, makes it the most outstanding thing about it.
Needless to say, that the Divine reporting is in harmony with reasoning which leads to a serenity hard to get elsewhere, and we should remember, the more reasoning one has, the more obedient he becomes.

The most preponderance in reasoning among you is the most lovers to Allah

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds

Translation : Noora Al Sharabi
Auditing : Rana Saraqbi

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