May
28
2018

‘Ash-Shaheed’ (The All and Ever Witnessing)

In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Allah’s Name ‘Ash-Shaheed’ (The All and Ever Witnessing.)

The manifestations of Allah’s Name ‘Ash-Shaheed’ (The All and Ever Witnessing) in the sacred month of Ramadan:

The general and the specific meaning of ‘ Allah is with you’:

1- The general meaning of ‘ Allah is with you’:

Allah, the Most Glorified, the Most High is Ash-Shaheed (the All and Ever Witnessing); He is with all His creatures by His Knowledge. Allah the Almighty says:

(And He is with you (by His Knowledge) wherever you may be. And Allah is the All-Seer of what you do)

[Al-Hadid, 4]

Allah the Almighty is with you wherever you are, even if you are in the air, under the waves, in the desert, on the land, in travel, etc. This is the general meaning of ‘Allah is with you’; Allah is with you by His Knowledge whenever you are.

2- The specific meaning of ‘ Allah is with you’:

The specific meaning of ‘ Allah is with you’ is particularly related to the believers; Allah the Almighty says:

(And verily, Allah is with the believers)

[Al-Anfal, 19]

(And know that Allah is with Al-Muttaqun (the pious))

[Al-Baqarah, 194]

(Truly! Allah is with As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.)

[Al-Baqarah, 153]

This means that Allah the Almighty supports His true believers, protects them, and grants them victory and success.
As the saying goes: if Allah the Almighty is with you (i.e. if you are under His Protection), no one can ever be against you (i.e. no one can ever cause harm to you). On the other hand, if Allah the Almighty is against you, no one can ever be with you (i.e. no one can stand by you) since the closest people to you may abandon you in time of need.

he conditions for being under the Protection and Care of Allah

Actually, there are certain conditions in order to be under the Protection and the Care of Allah the Almighty, He says:

(And Allah said: “I am with you if you perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat and believe in My Messengers; honour and assist them, and lend to Allah a good loan.”)

[Al-Ma'idah, 12]

Thus, ‘Ash-Shaheed’ (The All and Ever Witnessing), glorified be Him, is with all His creatures by His Knowledge, and with the true believers by granting them success, keeping them under His Protection and Care, supporting them with His Help, and granting them triumph (over their enemies). Allah the Almighty says:

(They said: “Our Lord! Verily! We fear lest he should hasten to punish us or lest he should transgress (all bounds against us).” * He (Allah) said: “Fear not, verily! I am with you both, hearing and seeing)

[Taha, 45-46]

When one deeply believes that Allah is with him, he will feel a great sense of power in his life.

‘Ash-Shaheed’ (The All and Ever Witnessing.)

Some scholars say: Ash-Shaheed is the Most Trustworthy Witness.
Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He, is a Witness over everything, i.e. nothing (in the earth or in the heavens) is hidden from Him. Furthermore, He is watching you in all your affairs, movements, stillness, activities, etc. and He knows what is going on in your minds and what you conceal in your heart, He says:

(And know that Allah comes in between a person and his heart (i.e. He prevents an evil person to decide anything)

[Al-Anfal, 24]

Allah the Almighty also says:

(And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge))

[Qaf, 16]

Some scholars say: Ash-Shaheed is the Ever Present, the All-Knower of everything, and the One Who grants knowledge to whom He wills.
To make this point clear, consider the example of a righteous young man who fears Allah the Almighty, abides by His Commands, seeks His Pleasure, fears His Wrath, refrains from disobeying Him, lowers his gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and preserves his tongue ( from lying, cursing, backbiting, etc.) but he is poor. Allah the Almighty Ash-Shaheed is The Witness over that young man’s status, The All-knower of his situation, and The One Who grants him knowledge and success in order to live a happy and prosperous life. Allah the Almighty says:

(Or do those who earn evil deeds think that We shall hold them equal with those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, in their present life and after their death? Worst is the judgement that they make)

[Al-Jathiyah, 21]

Moreover, some scholars say: Ash-Shaheed is the Ever Present and the Witness over everything in the heavens and the earth, He says:

(Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that He is a Witness over all things?)

[Fussilat, 53]

Let me tell you the following story: During the era of Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, he sent a messenger to the battlefield of Nahawand to see what’s taking place there. When that messenger came back, he told him that many people were martyred, and he mentioned the names of some of them. Our master Umar asked him: Who else were martyred? His messenger answered: you do not know them. When our master Umar heard that, he wept and said his famous and marvelous saying: “What does it matter whether I know them or not as long as Allah the Almighty knows them all!”
Some scholars also say: Ash-Shaheed is the One Who is a Witness over His servant’s deeds on the Day of Resurrection when their deeds will be shown to them. Allah the Almighty says:

(It will be said to him): “Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day)

[Al-Isra, 14]

Allah the Almighty says:

(So sufficient is Allah for a witness between us and you, that We indeed knew nothing of your worship of us)

[Yunus, 29]

During the sacred month of Ramadan, the Name of Allah ‘Ash-Shaheed’ is manifested in your feeling that Allah the Almighty is seeing your righteous deeds and that He will reward you for them when He makes your heart overwhelmed with the sweetness of performing acts of obedience to Him and getting closer to Him.

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds

Translation : Rana Saraqbi
Auditing : Maha Sulieman

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